Fethullah Gülen and the Gülen Movement in 100 questions

Fethullah Gülen and the Gülen Movement in 100 questionsThe Gülen Movement was born at a time when a rapid social change was taking place in Turkey. However, at the same time a parallel movement was taking place in the world: emergence of political Islam or politization of Islam, in response of globalization. What was transpiring in Turkey at the time? As rapid urbanization, class differentiation, and cultural shifts from village and small towns were flocking to the cities, alternative frames of reference were needed. A balance had to be struck between the traditional values that people were socialized in and modern values; these new behavioral patterns would help them to navigate through the challenges of modern city life.

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Who is Fethullah Gülen? Doğu Ergil
What is Fethullah Gülen’s education, both official and unofficial? Doğu Ergil
What are the primary teachings—religious, historical, political, and social—which have greatly impacted Fethullah Gülen’s worldview? Doğu Ergil
What changes took place regarding his world view and at what stages? Namely, what are the mental and philosophical stages in his thinking from the first days of his preaching until he became an opinion leader and held the influence that he holds today? Doğu Ergil
It is often noted that Fethullah Gülen was influenced by Said Nursi and the Nur Movement. To what extent has Gülen accepted the teachings and social projects of Nursi? Can we talk about continuity or are there points where he differs from Nursi? Doğu Ergil
Is the Gülen Movement a continuation of any other previous movement? Doğu Ergil
What are the basic principles of the Gülen Movement? Doğu Ergil
While today there are many Muslim thinkers and practitioners in the name of Islam, what is it in Fethullah Gülen’s teachings that seem to be so attractive to his followers? Doğu Ergil
The ethical considerations of Fethullah Gülen and his movement are made up of what components? Doğu Ergil
Does Fethullah Gülen see himself as simply the representative of an Islamic teaching, or is he the carrier of a philosophy centered on the “human,” which is a larger mission that also includes the former? Doğu Ergil