Why do some critics see the Gülen Movement as antagonistic?
The social centrality of the Gülen Movement, the autonomous role in defining personal needs, the constant mediatory relationship between welfare, health, education and the individual, family, and community, gives everyday experience a function. This situates action along the continuum ranging from difference to innovation or change, to the creation of new arenas for positive action and culture. Dominant groups and interests may have neglected or may still be neglecting these arenas and so may see such change and innovation as threatening to their political control or their interests and therefore as explicitly antagonistic in character.
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